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English for Everyone - English Phrasal Verbs

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First published in Great Britain in 2021 by Dorling Kindersley Limited

Feeling put off by phrasal verbs? English for Everyone: English Phrasal Verbs can help you to understand the context and definitions of over 1,000 of the most common phrasal verbs.

Phrasal verbs (two- or three-part verbs such as "put off", "put on", "put up with") are incredibly useful but notoriously difficult to learn. English for Everyone: Phrasal Verbs uses the same combination of visual teaching and crystal-clear definitions as the rest of the English for Everyone series to make one of the most difficult aspects of learning English much easier.

Take your practical English usage to the next level and build your confidence in spoken and written English through clear modules and simplified explanations based on everyday topics such as technology, relationships, work and more. With supporting audio available online, sample sentences throughout the book, and practice exercises, English for Everyone: English Phrasal Verbs can help you confidently progress your English language from advanced to fluent in both social and business environments.

About English For Everyone

English for Everyone is a series of guides and practice books that support English learning for teenagers and adults from a beginner level, to intermediate, and advanced practical English. Offering a fun and easy-to-follow format that offers guidance for both teaching English as a foreign language, and a self-study approach with resources available to improve English speaking, reading and writing.

Whether you are looking for ESL teaching resources or a structured programme for students to learn English as a second language, the English for Everyone Series provides:
- Sample language examples: New language topics are introduced in context using clear, illustrated, and colour-coded explanations
- Supporting audio: Extensive English-speaking audio materials integrated into every unit, giving vital oral and listening practice. (All supplementary audio is available on the DK English for Everyone website and IOS/Android App).
- Quick referencing: Easy-to-follow units for easy referencing and teaching
- Sentence formation guides: Visual break downs of essential English grammar for beginners, showing learners how to recreate even complex English sentences
- Visual English vocabulary cues: Lists of useful English words and common phrases with visual aids are available throughout the book

The English for Everyone Series covers the skills and topics required for all major global English-language exams and reference frameworks including:
- CEFR
- TOEFL
- IELTS
- TOEIC
Рік:
2021
Видання:
First edition
Видавництво:
DK, Dorling Kindersley
Мова:
english
Сторінки:
256
ISBN 13:
9780241439395
Серії:
English for Everyone
Файл:
PDF, 119,38 MB

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Eating in Theory

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Authors
Thomas Booth worked for 10 years as an English-language teacher
in Poland and Russia. He now lives in England, where he works as
an editor and English-language materials writer. He has contributed
to a number of books in the English for Everyone series.

Ben Ffrancon Davies is a freelance writer and translator. He writes
textbooks and study guides on a wide range of subjects including ELT,
music, and literature. Ben studied Medieval and Modern Languages at
the University of Oxford, and has taught English in France and Spain.

UK language consultant
Peter Dainty studied History at the University of Oxford and has been
teaching English as a foreign language since the mid-1980s. He taught at
London University for 10 years and has written 14 books for publishers
such as Macmillan, Penguin, Scholastic, and Oxford University Press.

US language consultant
Professor Emerita Susan Barduhn has contributed to numerous
publications. She has also been President of IATEFL; Director of The
Language Center, Nairobi; Deputy Director of International House,
London; professor and Chair of the MATESOL program at SIT Graduate
Institute. She is currently a freelance educational consultant for the
US Department of State, the British Council, TransformELT,
The Consultants-e, and Fulbright.

ENGLISH
FO R E V E RYO N E
ENGLISH PH RASAL VERBS

Contents
DK LONDON
Senior Editor Ben Ffrancon Davies
Senior Art Editors Clare Shedden, Amy Child
Illustrator Gus Scott
Managing Editor Christine Stroyan
Managing Art Editor Anna Hall
Production Editor George Nimmo
Production Controller Samantha Cross
Jacket Designer Surabhi Wadhwa-Gandhi
Jacket Design Development Manager Sophia MTT
Publisher Andrew Macintyre
Art Director Karen Self
Publishing Director Jonathan Metcalf
DK DELHI
Senior Editor Janashree Singha
Editors Nandini D. Tripathy, Rishi Bryan
Senior Art Editor Vikas Sachdeva
Project Art Editor Sourabh Challariya
Senior DTP Designer Tarun Sharma
DTP Designers Manish Upreti, Anita Yadav
Senior Jacket Designer Suhita Dharamjit
Sen; ior Managing Art Editor Arunesh Talapatra
Managing Editor Soma B. Chowdhury
Pre-production Managers Balwant Singh, Sunil Sharma
Editorial Head Glenda Fernandes
Design Head Malavika Talukder
First published in Great Britain in 2021 by
Dorling Kindersley Limited
DK, One Embassy Gardens, 8 Viaduct Gardens,
London, SW11 7BW
Copyright © 2021 Dorling Kindersley Limited
A Penguin Random House Company
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
001–318636–Mar/2021
All rights reserved.
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in or introduced
into a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form, or by any means
(electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise),
without the prior written permission of the copyright owner.
A CIP catalogue record for this book
is available from the British Library.
ISBN: 978-0-2414-3939-5
Printed and bound in China

www.dk.com

How to use this book
Introducing phrasal verbs

6
10

DESCRIBING PEOPLE AND THINGS
People and things

18

Family

22

Relationships

26

Visiting people

30

Socializing

34

Clothing

38

Before and after

42

EVERYDAY LIFE
Everyday life

44

Transportation

48

Shopping

52

The weather

56

Technology

60

Crime, the law, and politics

64

Money

68

Time

72

Past and future

76

Making plans

80

The senses

84

Movement and progress

88

EMOTIONS AND SITUATIONS

WORK AND SCHOOL
Studying and research

92

Agreeing and disagreeing

178

At school

96

Opinions and arguments

182

At work

100

Emotions

186

Careers

104

Negative emotions

190

Business

108

Making decisions

194

Numbers and amounts

112

Making mistakes

198

Success and failure

116

Accidents and damage

200

Problems and solutions

204

Secrets and surprises

208

HOME AND FREE TIME
At home

120

Chores

124

Cooking

128

“Come,” “make,” and “do”

212

Food and drink

132

“Get” and “set”

216

Free time

136

“Go”

220

Health

140

“Put,” “take,” and “give”

224

Sports and exercise

144

Exclamations

228

The arts

148

Travel

150

COMMON VERBS

Reference

230
230
231
234
235
236
237

Talking

154

Reading and writing

158

Verbs and particles
Common particles
Common separable phrasal verbs
Common inseparable phrasal verbs
Common phrasal nouns
Common phrasal adjectives

Keeping in touch

162

Answers

238

Thoughts and ideas

166

Index of phrasal verbs

251

Explaining things

170

Acknowledgments

256

Truth and lies

172

Encouragement

176

COMMUNICATION

How to use this book
English for Everyone: English Phrasal Verbs will help you learn, understand, and
remember the most common phrasal verbs in English. Each of the 56 units in the
book consists of a teaching spread on a subject or theme, with illustrated sentences
to place the phrasal verbs in context, and then a practice spread with exercises to
reinforce what you have learned. Listen to the free audio and repeat each phrasal
verb and sentence. The answers to all the exercises are at the back of the book,
along with a comprehensive index.

REA
MARK TH

Fiona is a spy.
Fiona secretly
Fiona thinks he

Sample sentences
Phrasal verbs are shown in
the context of a sample
sentence (see page 8).

Unit number The book is
divided into units. The unit
number helps you keep
track of your progress.

The soup has o
The soup has a
The soup is mi

Marcus bough
Marcus saw a t
Marcus used h

Module number Every
module is identified with a
unique number, so you can
easily locate the related audio.

TIME

continue for a long time (negative)

UK/US phrasal verbs Some
phrasal verbs are specific to
UK or US English. These are
labeled (UK) or (US).
Base forms and definitions
Beneath each sentence, the
phrasal verb is written in its base
form along with a definition.
Write-on lines You are
encouraged to write your own
translations of English phrasal
verbs to create your own
reference pages.

Robert wanted
Robert searche
Robert bought

Time

Please listen to
Please come o
Please leave m

make something last too long (negative)

have no more (time)

WRI
IN THE M
(UK)
become late (about the time)

watch somethi

pass (about time)

occupy, use up 1
(someone’s
time)
try to find
infor

2 examine somet
3 have a view of
4 turn your eyes

break (a day or period of
time) into separate parts

happen slowly to someone
without them noticing it

log someone out of a computer, ser
or website because of inactivity
86

make time for something

pass the time in a relaxed way

take up too much (of someone’s ti

make someone or something late

stay somewhere or delay somethin
until something happens

WAITING

Modules Many teaching
spreads are broken into
modules covering different
topics within the theme.

wait for a short time (informal)

72

TEACHING SPREAD

6

Listening exercise This
symbol indicates that you
should listen to an audio
track in order to answer the
questions in the exercise.

AD THE STATEMENTS AND
HE CORRECT MEANING

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO AND
MATCH THE IMAGES TO THE
CORRECT PHRASAL VERBS

Sample answer The first question of
each exercise is answered for you, to
help make the task easy to understand.
Exercise number Each
exercise is identified with
a unique number, so you
can easily locate answers.

Exercise instruction Each exercise is
introduced with a brief instruction, telling
you what you need to do.

MATCH THE DEFINITIONS TO THE CORRECT PHRASAL VERBS
raise yourself to see past an obstacle

secretly listen to someone

watched her colleagues.
er colleagues are spies.

cause somewhere to smell unpleasant

only tomato and basil in it.
a tomato and basil flavor.
issing tomato and basil.

pay attention to notice something
receive information about something
pay attention

ht a telescope.
telescope.
his telescope.

d his glasses back.
ed for his glasses.
t new glasses.

listen to someone without interrupting
watch something without taking part
See also:
break up 3, 21, 29, 38 creep up on 51 fit in 15
get on 2, 9 go by 54 run out (of) 30 take up 31, 55

FILL IN THE GAPS USING THE PHRASAL VERBS IN THE PANEL

o me!
outside!
me alone!

move or do something more quickly

ITE THE CORRECT PHRASAL VERB NEXT TO ITS DEFINITION, FILLING
MISSING LETTERS

ing without taking part

again (about a regular event)
rmation about someonehappen
or something

thing

away from something

rver,

ime)

ng

make something last longer than necessary

87

PRACTICE SPREAD
make more time available

Space for writing You are
encouraged to write your answers
in the book for future reference.
Supporting graphics
Illustrations help you
understand and remember
new phrasal verbs.

do nothing until something happens

73

Audio support All teaching
modules are supported by audio
recordings to help you recognize
and pronounce spoken vocabulary.

7

Sample sentences
Each phrasal verb is shown
within a sample sentence that
contextualizes its meaning.
Its base form and definition
are also given.

Illustration Each sentence
is illustrated to show the
meaning of the phrasal verb.

Phrasal verb The phrasal
verb is highlighted in
each sentence.

Base form The
phrasal verb is given
in the base form.

get together with

Definition
A definition is given to
help you understand
the meaning.

Third particle Sometimes a phrasal verb’s
third particle is optional (see page 12),
so it is written in parentheses.

“See also” boxes

Many phrasal verbs have more than one meaning.
Each unit has a “see also” box which directs you to
other units where the same phrasal verbs appear
with different meanings.

Introducing phrasal verbs
Pages 10–17 contain an introductory grammar section
explaining what phrasal verbs are and how they work
grammatically. It also covers different types of phrasal
verbs, as well as phrasal nouns and adjectives.

Unit number This number
tells you which other unit
the phrasal verb appears in.

Modular learning The
grammar section is broken
down into modules.

Introducing phrasal verbs

See also:
back up 12 climb down 19 fall out 49
make up 41, 52 take back 10, 16, 55

Some verbs in English are made up of two or more words. These are
called phrasal verbs. They are very common in English and help to
make your language sound more idiomatic and fluent.

l with criticism or a difficult
ation by laughing at it
8

The particle always comes after the
verb. The verb changes form to
match the subject as usual. The
particle never changes form.

Here, the verb takes
the third person “-s.”

WHAT IS A PHRASAL VERB?
Phrasal verbs consist of a verb plus one or more particles
(prepositions or adverbs). The particle often changes the usual
meaning of the verb.

This is wrong. The particle
should never change.

PHRASAL
VERB

Verb

AVOIDING CONFLICT

HOW PHRASAL VERBS WORK

PHRASAL VERBS IN DIFFERENT TENSES
When phrasal verbs are used in different
tenses, the verb changes like any other
verb, but the particle remains the same.
Particle

THREE-WORD PHRASAL VERBS
Three-word phrasal verbs consist of a
verb, a particle, and a preposition. The
particle and preposition often change
the usual meaning of the verb.

This is wrong. The particle
should come after the verb.

The particle
never changes.

PRESENT SIMPLE
PHRASAL
VERB
PAST SIMPLE

PRESENT CONTINUOUS

The preposition is added to
the end of the phrasal verb.

FUTURE WITH “WILL”

FURTHER EXAMPLES
Negatives are formed in the usual way.

FURTHER EXAMPLES

Questions are formed
in the usual way.

10

11

Audio
English for Everyone: English Phrasal Verbs offers
extensive supporting audio resources. Every phrasal
verb and sentence in the teaching spreads is recorded,
and you are encouraged to listen to the audio and
repeat the phrases and sentences out loud, until you
are confident you understand and can pronounce
what has been said.
SUPPORTING AUDIO
This symbol indicates that audio recordings
of the phrasal verbs and sentences in a
module are available for you to listen to.

Reference section

At the end of the book, pages 230–237 contain a
reference section, which features additional information
about phrasal verbs, including examples of some
common phrasal nouns and phrasal adjectives.
Visual diagrams are
used to present
common particles.

PHRASAL VERBS WITH “IN”
The particle “in” often gives a phrasal verb a meaning
of entering or becoming part of something.

PHRASAL VERBS WITH “ON”
The particle “on” often gives a phrasal verb a meaning
of continuation or physically being on something.

ON
introduce slowly

visit someone at their home (informal)

LISTENING EXERCISES
This symbol indicates that you should
listen to an audio track in order to
answer the questions in the exercise.

cancel an event

remove or block something

give something to many people

exclude, not include

invent a story to explain something
forget to include someone or something

FREE AUDIO
website
hear out 18.1and app
www.dkefe.com
heat up 29.1

postpone

232

return an object to its original place

lay out 20.2

look down on 1.1

laze about 31.2

look for 18.3

look into 18.3, 20.1

lean toward 47.1

look on 18.3

orward 16.3

hold up 15.2

leave behind 48.1

look out 56.1

hurry up 15.1

leave on 27.3

hush up 51.1

leave out 29.2

Answers

off 3.1, 8.1, 27.3, 30.1,
The 35.1
book

is designed to make
on 54.1
it easy to monitor your progress.
ee also ongoing R6
Answers are provided for every
impact on 7.1
out 3.2, 5.1, 27.3, 54.1
exercise, so you can see how
improve on 7.2
ee also outgoing R6
well you have understood and
incoming R6
over 54.1
rememberedinput
theR5phrasal verbs
hrough 19.1, 54.1
you have learned.
intake R5
hrough with 17.1

I

leftover R6
let down 48.1
letdown R5
let in 2.2
let off (with) 21.2
let on 41.1
let up 11.1

invite along (to) 4 .1

level out 25.1

ogether 30.1

invite in 4.1

level with 41.1

Answers Find
invite the
overanswers
4.2
to everyiron
exercise
printed
out 43.2
at the back of the book.

review
look good with another piece of clothing
receive news from

233

run at the same speed
be as good as people had hoped
care for, take responsibility for

take someone on a date

search for something

behave in a bad way to someone

wait for something with excitement

discard, put in the trash

admire someone

put a piece of clothing on quickly

survive a serious illness or operation

try a new product to see what it is like

not have any more of something

make something start working

be found (usually by accident)

record information by writing it

add your opinion to an ongoing discussion

235

Index

look out for 18.3
look out over 18.3

overcontains
18.3
The look
index
every phrasal verb from the
look through 18.3
teaching spreads, as well as the phrasal nouns
up 20.1
and look
adjectives
from the reference section,
look up to 1.1
listed in alphabetical order, followed by each
loosen up 31.2
unit and module number where they appear.
lose out (to) 26.2

M

made-up R6
major in (US) 20.1

lie around 31.2

make for 37.2, 52.2

lie down 8.2

make into 34.1

J

lift up 19.1

make of 52.2

join in 33.1

light up 45.1

make out 41.2, 52.2

jot down 37.1

lighten up 45.1

make up 41.2, 44.3, 52.2

see also uplifting R6

line up 10.1

make off with 52.2

see also made-up R6
make up for 43.2

K

listen out for 18.1

mark down 20.2

listen to 18.1

measure out 29.1

keep at 31.1

listen up 18.1

measure up (to) 7.2

keep from 33.1, 51.1

live down 48.1

meet up (with) 22.2

keep up (with) 20.1, 33.1

live for 31.1

mess around 21.2, 41.2

d in (to) 21.1

kick back 31.2

live off 14.1

mess up 49.1

d out (to) 21.1

kickoff R5

live on 14.1

mill around 5.1

d over 13.1

knock down 10.1

live up to 7.2

miss out 48.1

g on 15.2

knockdown R6

live with 2.1, 47.1

mist over 46.1

g out 5.1, 28.1

knock out (of) 33.1

liven up 5.1

mix in 29.1

mmer out 17.1

exit (a car or taxi)

return

place something onto a surface

lie ahead 16.1

Exercise numbers
These
jump out (at)
48.1
numbers match the
number at the top-left
corner of each exercise.

concentrate on doing something

recover, feel well again

reply by letter or email

place inside

listen in (on) 18.1

k into 12.1

enter (public transportation)

return the money you have borrowed

let out 2.2 6.1

o 54.1

H

imply, try to say something indirectly
exit (public transportation)

BACK

234

lead up to 16.1

w up 2.1

manage or solve a problem

return an item to the seller by mail

return with

allow to enter

hit out at 43.1

w out of 2.1, 6.1

reduce the amount of money you spend

allow to leave

hire out (UK) 5.1

w into 6.1

talk to friends who have not talked to recently
find something by chance

draw a line or lines through a word

SAMPLE SENTENCE

continue doing something

make tidy again

distribute

go somewhere with someone

DEFINITION

PHRASAL VERB

cut into small pieces

give something to someone for free

replace slowly

or 47.1, 54.1

f off (US) 21.2

SAMPLE SENTENCE

of returning or doing something again.

stop doing something

OUT

down 12.1, 32.1, 54.1

without 54.1

PHRASAL VERBS WITH “BACK”

The particle
persuade someone to support
your idea“back” often gives a phrasal verb a meaning

look forward to 16.1

with 6.1

DEFINITION

PHRASAL VERB

PHRASAL VERBS WITH “OUT”
The particle “out” often gives a phrasal verb a meaning
of leaving, being released, or being removed.

lead to 7.1

up 54.1

R4 COMMON INSEPARABLE PHRASAL VERBS
Some phrasal verbs cannot be separated (see page 15). Their
object always comes after them, even if it is a pronoun.

is first, then the object, then the particle. This separation can often be optional, unless the object of a
separable phrasal verb is a pronoun, in which case it must go between the verb and the particle.

hinge on 47.1

under 24.1

continue for a long time (negative)

R3 COMMON SEPARABLE PHRASAL VERBS

ee also bygone R6

oward 54.1

wear an item of clothing to see if it fits

Some phrasal
verbs can be separated by the object of the verb (see page 14). In these cases, the verb
enter a room or building
suddenly
enter (public transportation)

take into consideration

be released

by 15.1, 54.1

nto 23.1

wait for a short time (informal)

leave turned on

arrive home

IN

back to 23.1

n(to) 54.1

Reference tables contain
lists of common phrasal
verbs, nouns, and adjectives.

Module number
The number in the
index matches the
module number on
the teaching page.
Multiple units
When a phrasal verb
appears more than
once, each module
number is listed.

9

Introducing phrasal verbs
Some verbs in English are made up of two or more words. These are
called phrasal verbs. They are very common in English and help to
make your language sound more idiomatic and fluent.

WHAT IS A PHRASAL VERB?
Phrasal verbs consist of a verb plus one or more
particles (prepositions or adverbs). The particle
often changes the usual meaning of the verb.
PHRASAL
VERB

Verb

Particle

THREE-WORD PHRASAL VERBS
Three-word phrasal verbs consist of a
verb, a particle, and a preposition. The
particle and preposition often change
the usual meaning of the verb.

PHRASAL
VERB

The preposition is added to
the end of the phrasal verb.

FURTHER EXAMPLES
Negatives are formed in the usual way.

Questions are formed
in the usual way.

10

HOW PHRASAL VERBS WORK
The particle always comes after the
verb. The verb changes form to
match the subject as usual. The
particle never changes form.

Here, the verb takes
the third person “-s.”

This is wrong. The particle
should never change.

PHRASAL VERBS IN DIFFERENT TENSES
When phrasal verbs are used in different
tenses, the verb changes like any other
verb, but the particle remains the same.

This is wrong. The particle
should come after the verb.

The particle
never changes.

PRESENT SIMPLE

PAST SIMPLE

PRESENT CONTINUOUS

FUTURE WITH “WILL”

FURTHER EXAMPLES

11

TRANSITIVE AND INTRANSITIVE PHRASAL VERBS
Some phrasal verbs take
an object, which is a noun
that receives the action of
the verb. Verbs which take
an object are known as
transitive verbs.
Some phrasal verbs
do not take an object.
These verbs are known
as intransitive verbs.

Some phrasal verbs can
be either transitive
or intransitive.

SUBJECT

PHRASAL VERB

SUBJECT

PHRASAL VERB

OBJECT

“Tidy up” can be used with
or without an object.

SUBJECT

PHRASAL VERB

OBJEC T

MAKING INTRANSITIVE PHRASAL VERBS TRANSITIVE
Some intransitive phrasal verbs
need a preposition when
they are made transitive.

To use “check out” with an
object, you need to add “of.”

FURTHER EXAMPLES

12

DIFFERENT MEANINGS
Many phrasal verbs have more than one meaning. Some phrasal verbs
appear in this book more than once with a different meaning each time.

UNRELATED MEANINGS
The phrasal verb “do up” has
two unrelated meanings.

fasten a piece of clothing

improve, renovate

LITERAL AND METAPHORICAL MEANINGS
Certain phrasal verbs have a basic literal meaning,
and a more complicated metaphorical one.

This sentence uses the literal
meaning of “break up.” The
chocolate is being separated
into smaller pieces.
In this sentence, nothing has
literally broken, but Maria and
Pablo have metaphorically
separated from each other.

separate something into smaller pieces

end a romantic relationship

REGISTER
Although some phrasal verbs can be used in formal situations,
others are more informal. Many phrasal verbs have a single-word
equivalent which is more formal.

This sentence uses the high-register
word “persevere,” which is only
usually used in formal language.
This sentence means exactly the
same thing, but “soldier on” makes
the sentence less formal.

13

SEPARABLE PHRASAL VERBS
If a phrasal verb has an
object, the object can
sometimes go between
the verb and the
particle. This does not
change the meaning.
Phrasal verbs that do this
are called “separable”
phrasal verbs. See page
234 for more examples.

The object can go
after the particle.

The object can also go between
the verb and the particle.

If the object of a separable phrasal verb is a pronoun,
it must go between the verb and particle.

FURTHER EXAMPLES

COMMON MISTAKES SEPARABLE PHRASAL VERBS
If the direct object of a
separable phrasal verb is a
pronoun, it must go between
the verb and the particle.

14

Pronoun

The pronoun cannot go at
the end of the sentence.

INSEPARABLE PHRASAL VERBS
Some phrasal verbs cannot be separated. The object
must always come after the particle—it can never sit
between the verb and the particle. This is true whether
the object is a noun or a pronoun. See page 235 for
more examples.

The verb and the particle
must stay together.

The verb and particle stay together
even if the direct object is a pronoun.

This is wrong. The object cannot sit
between the verb and the particle.

FURTHER EXAMPLES

SEPARABLE AND INSEPARABLE PHRASAL VERBS
Some phrasal verbs, like “get back from,” can be
separable or inseparable depending on the context.
When “get back from” means “retrieve
from” it is separable. The object must go
between “get” and “back.”
When “get back from” means “return
from,” it is always inseparable.

15

PHRASAL NOUNS

See page 236
for a list of common
phrasal nouns.

Some nouns are formed from
phrasal verbs, often by joining the
verb and the particle together.
Particle

Verb

Phrasal noun

Sometimes, the noun is formed by
putting the particle in front of the verb.

FURTHER EXAMPLES

16

PHRASAL ADJECTIVES

See page 237
for a list of common
phrasal adjectives.

Some adjectives are formed from phrasal
verbs, often by joining the verb and the
particle together, sometimes with a hyphen.
Verb

Particle

Phrasal adjective

Sometimes, the adjective is formed by
putting the particle in front of the verb.

FURTHER EXAMPLES

17

People and things
PEOPLE

fit into a place in large numbers

feel like you belong in a group

form a group to hurt someone

think you are better
than another person

convince someone to do what you
want (often by asking many times)

ask for news about someone

enter a space in large numbers

leave a space in large numbers

18

See also:
come across 39, 52 fit in 15 get back (from) 35
turn to 27 turn up 4, 27

THINGS

make sure nothing bad happens
to someone or something

collect things together

attack someone without warning

relinquish something important
to you

praise or flatter someone so that
they will do you a favor

find something by chance

pay a lot of attention to someone

retrieve something

admire someone

be found (usually by accident)

19

READ THE STATEMENTS AND MARK
THE CORRECT MEANING

MATCH THE PICTURES
TO THE CORRECT
SENTENCES

He loves his grandfather.
He admires his grandfather.
He hates his grandfather.

People entered the stadium together.
People ran around the stadium together.
People left the stadium in large numbers.
He has been flattering him for a favor.
He has been yelling at him.
He has been arguing with him.
They think they are better than her.
They think she is better than them.
They think she is wonderful.
I threw away the portrait.
I found the portrait by chance.
I looked for the portrait.

CROSS OUT THE INCORRECT WORDS IN EACH SENTENCE

20

WRITE THE CORRECT PHRASAL VERB NEXT TO ITS DEFINITION

retrieve something
1 be found (usually by accident)
2 make sure nothing bad happens to someone
3 attack someone without warning
4 convince someone to do what you want
5 fit into a place in large numbers

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO AND COMPLETE THE SENTENCES BELOW THE IMAGES

21

Family
FAMILY

teach children how to behave

have a good relationship
with someone

share the same house

develop from child to adult

lose interest in something as
you get older

give someone the same name
as someone else

PETS

place inside

become fond of

allow to leave

allow to enter

22

See also:
get on 9, 15 grow out of 6 let out 6
live with 47 settle down 45

live in one place

work as a group to deal
with a difficult situation

care for, take responsibility for

recognize the difference

have the characteristics
of a parent or relative

wait for someone to get
home before going to bed

escape

return

23

MATCH THE PICTURES TO THE CORRECT SENTENCES

MARK THE SENTENCES THAT ARE CORRECT

24

FILL IN THE GAPS USING THE WORDS IN THE PANEL

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO AND COMPLETE THE SENTENCES BELOW THE IMAGES

25

Relationships
FRIENDSHIPS

create a close relationship

like something or someone less

continue to support someone
who is in a difficult situation

support or defend someone
when other people don’t

ROMANTIC RELATIONSHIPS

love someone or like them very much

persuade someone to start having
a romantic relationship with you again

start loving someone, fall in love

arrange a date for someone else

(UK)
end a relationship with someone

26

have a romantic relationship with someone

See also:
break up 15, 21, 29, 38 care for 32 fall for 41 go off 8, 27, 30, 35
go out 5, 27, 54 set up 12, 53 take out 14, 21, 28

slowly become less close

receive news from

stay together and support
each other

share a secret with someone
you trust

lose energy over a period of time,
slowly come to an end

invite someone to go on
a date with you

take someone on a date

end a romantic relationship

restart a romantic relationship

27

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO, THEN NUMBER THE SENTENCES IN THE ORDER
YOU HEAR THEM

FILL IN THE GAPS, PUTTING THE WORDS IN THE CORRECT ORDER

28

MATCH THE DEFINITIONS TO THE CORRECT PHRASAL VERBS
start loving someone, fall in love

like something or someone less
create a close relationship
slowly come to an end
arrange a date for someone else
slowly become less close
end a relationship with someone
love someone or like them very much

LOOK AT THE PICTURES AND COMPLETE THE SENTENCES USING
PHRASAL VERBS

29

Visiting people
VISITING PEOPLE

(UK)
visit someone at their home (informal)

stay somewhere longer
than planned

arrive (often unexpectedly)

ask someone to enter your house

(UK)
visit someone at their home
(often on your way elsewhere)

take someone to the door
as they leave

have people as guests at
your home

ask someone to go somewhere with you

30

give someone a tour

See also:
call in 22, 50 come in 56
turn up 1, 27

A PARTY INVITATION

visit someone’s house on your
way somewhere else

enter a place

invite someone to your home
visit someone at their
home (informal)
visit someone (at their home)

stop during a journey to do something

secretly look for something

bring someone or something with you

stay at someone’s house overnight

31

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO AND MARK THE PHRASAL VERBS YOU HEAR

READ THE STATEMENTS AND MARK THE CORRECT MEANING

32

I called Brian.
I visited Brian at his home.
I invited Brian to my home.

They took their kids away.
They left their kids behind.
They brought their kids with them.

He arrived at 6am.
He left at 6am.
He fell asleep at 6am.

We’d like you to come to our home.
We’d like you to call us.
We’d like you to host a barbecue.

They asked me to leave.
They asked me to come in.
They gave me a tour.

He dropped coffee on himself.
He visited me at my home.
He took me out for coffee.

MATCH THE BEGINNINGS OF THE SENTENCES TO THE CORRECT ENDINGS

REWRITE THE SENTENCES, CORRECTING THE ERRORS

33

Socializing
SOCIALIZING

go somewhere with someone

talk to friends who you
have not talked to recently

spend time at a certain place
with your friends (informal)

accompany someone, go
somewhere with someone

remain at home

remain away from home until late

LEAVING

leave (often unexpectedly)

leave without telling people

leave, begin a journey

refuse to let someone enter

34

See also: come along 31, 52 come out 12, 41 get together 53
go out 3, 27, 54 hang out 28 head off (to) 8 slip out 51
take off 6, 9, 22, 55 turn away 19

slowly move around a room or
space (often waiting for something)

go somewhere with someone
(often without an invitation)

go somewhere with someone,
socialize with friends

(UK)
allow someone to use something
in exchange for money

make something more exciting

meet and spend time with friends

leave somewhere because you are angry

make someone leave a place
even though they want to stay

(UK)
leave quickly (informal)

(UK)
leave quickly (informal)

35

CROSS OUT THE INCORRECT WORDS IN EACH SENTENCE

FILL IN THE GAPS USING THE WORDS IN THE PANEL TO CREATE
PHRASAL VERBS

36

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO AND MATCH THE IMAGES TO THE CORRECT
PHRASAL VERBS

FILL IN THE GAPS, PUTTING THE WORDS IN THE CORRECT ORDER

37

Clothing
CLOTHING

fasten the buttons on a piece of clothing

put a piece of clothing on quickly

fall off by mistake

wear a costume to look like something

be washed clean (about a stain)

look good with another piece of clothing

show people something you
are proud of

fasten a piece
of clothing

become big enough to wear an item of clothing

become too big for an item of clothing

38

See also: come off 26, 52 come out (of) 52 cover up 41
do up 52 grow out of 2 hang up 38 let out 2 put on 27, 41, 55
take in 51, 55 take off 5, 9, 22, 55

make a piece of clothing smaller

make a piece of clothing bigger

fasten (usually your shoe laces)

remove (a piece of clothing)

wear a piece of clothing

wear certain clothes to keep you warm

place a piece of clothing
on a hook or hanger

make a piece of clothing
smaller by folding it neatly

protect your skin with clothing

fasten the zipper on a piece of clothing

39

MATCH THE PICTURES TO THE CORRECT SENTENCES

MARK THE SENTENCES THAT ARE CORRECT

40

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO, THEN NUMBER THE SENTENCES IN THE ORDER
YOU HEAR THEM

LOOK AT THE PICTURES AND COMPLETE THE SENTENCES USING
PHRASAL VERBS

41

Before and after
CAUSE AND EFFECT

have a strong effect on something

accept and deal with a
bad situation

cause something to happen

cause something to happen

disappear, become extinct

cause something to happen

MAKING COMPARISONS

be as good as something else

be as good as people had hoped

do something better than before

be as good as people had hoped

42

MATCH UP THE PAIRS OF SENTENCES THAT MEAN THE SAME THING

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO AND COMPLETE THE SENTENCES THAT DESCRIBE
EACH PICTURE

43

Everyday life
DAILY ROUTINE

begin ringing (about an alarm clock)

make yourself look clean and tidy

leave, begin a journey

stop sleeping, become alert

arrive home

get out of bed

PHRASAL VERBS ABOUT SLEEP

fall asleep, often during the day

sleep for a longer time than usual

fall asleep (without meaning to)

not wake up when your alarm rings

44

See also:
drop off 9 get in 9, 53 get up 53
go off 3, 27, 30, 35 head off (to) 5

RELAXING

TASKS

(UK)
begin doing something (with
energy or enthusiasm)

take a sitting position

concentrate on doing something
(usually after a break)
take a lying position

do small tasks in a relaxed way

go to bed later than usual

sleep to allow you to recover from
the effects of a drug

sleep at someone else’s house
(usually about children)

go to bed

fall asleep

45

MATCH THE PHRASAL VERBS TO THE CORRECT DEFINITIONS
do small tasks in a relaxed way
make yourself look clean and tidy
fall asleep

get out of bed
not wake up when your alarm rings
go to bed
go to bed later than usual
take a lying position

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO AND MARK THE PHRASAL VERBS YOU HEAR

46

WRITE THE PHRASAL VERBS FROM THE PANEL UNDER THE
CORRECT DEFINITIONS
fall asleep (without meaning to)

3 fall asleep, often during the day

1 stop sleeping, become alert

4 take a sitting position

2 leave, begin a journey

5 begin doing something (with
energy or enthusiasm)

FILL IN THE GAPS, PUTTING THE WORDS IN THE CORRECT ORDER

47

Transportation
VEHICLES

stop working

suddenly stop working

enter (a car or taxi)

exit (a car or taxi)

enter (public transportation)

exit (public transportation)

DRIVING

drive away, leave

return in the direction you have
just come from

leave a road and drive
onto a different one

join a road from a
different one

48

See also: break down 46, 50 cut out 37 drop off 8 get in 8, 53
get off 22 get on 2, 15 get out 53, 56 pick up 10, 11, 28, 31, 38
pull over 13 pull up 28 take off 5, 6, 22, 55 turn off 27

take a person somewhere in
a car and leave them there

go to collect someone
(usually in a car)

go more slowly

go more quickly

begin to fly

land

stop and park somewhere

stop driving (often for a short time)

move from one road
to another

drive to the side of the road
and stop

49

MATCH THE PICTURES TO THE CORRECT SENTENCES

CROSS OUT THE INCORRECT WORDS IN EACH SENTENCE

50

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO AND COMPLETE THE SENTENCES THAT DESCRIBE
EACH PICTURE

WRITE THE CORRECT PHRASAL VERB NEXT TO ITS DEFINITION, FILLING IN
THE MISSING LETTERS
begin to fly
1 enter (public transportation)
2 go more slowly
3 stop working
4 drive away, leave
5 join a road from a different one

51

Shopping
SHOPPING

pay

(US)

give money for something you are buying

buy the entire supply
of something

visit a place and see
what is there

put a line through a word in a list

(US)
put a check mark next to a word in a list

reduce prices

collect an item that you bought online

put a new product on sale

52

wait in a line for something

See also:
check out 35, 50 pick up 9, 11, 28, 31, 38
take back 16, 44, 55

buy a lot of something in case you need it

return an item to the seller by mail

visit several stores (or websites) to
compare their products and prices

spend a lot of money without
thinking too much about it

sell all the available items

try a new product to see what it is like

return a product to the store
where you bought it

buy something quickly, as soon
as it becomes available

wear an item of clothing to see if it fits

53

MATCH UP THE PAIRS OF SENTENCES THAT MEAN THE SAME THING

WRITE THE PHRASAL VERBS FROM THE PANEL UNDER THE
CORRECT DEFINITIONS
mail an item back to the seller

3 put a line through a word in a list

1 wait in a line for something

4 sell all the available items

2 buy a lot of something in case
you need it

5 buy something quickly, as
soon as it becomes available

54

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO AND COMPLETE THE SENTENCES THAT DESCRIBE
EACH PICTURE

FILL IN THE GAPS USING THE WORDS IN THE PANEL TO CREATE
PHRASAL VERBS

55

The weather
THE WEATHER

(about bad weather)
approach, come nearer

(about weather) improve,
become less cloudy

become sunnier, less cloudy

rain very heavily (informal)

become less stormy or windy

become more cloudy

rain heavily

56

become less strong or intense

See also:
brighten up 45 calm down 45 clear up 32, 50
cool down 11 pick up 9, 10, 28, 31, 38 warm up 33

increase, become stronger

(about a storm) move away

become cooler

become less severe

completely freeze

(about a storm or wind)
become calmer

begin

become warmer

57

MARK THE SENTENCES THAT ARE CORRECT

MATCH THE PICTURES TO THE CORRECT SENTENCES

58

REWRITE THE SENTENCES, CORRECTING THE ERRORS

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO, THEN NUMBER THE PICTURES IN THE ORDER
YOU HEAR THEM

59

Technology
COMPUTER SYSTEMS

enter an account or system

leave an account or system

(UK)
(about a computer) start, turn on

(about a computer) turn off

(about a network) stop working

make a copy of something

access a computer or network illegally

get something ready to use

NEW PRODUCTS

(about a product) introduce

60

(about a product)
be released

See also:
back up 44 come out 5, 6, 12, 41, 52
go down 32, 54 set up 3, 53

USING TECHNOLOGY

move toward the top (of a page)

move toward the bottom (of a page)

get a closer view of something

get a more distant view of something

enter information using a keyboard

write a piece of text using a keyboard

select something on a computer screen

make a paper copy of a text

(about a product)
introduce slowly

(about a product) replace slowly

61

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO, THEN NUMBER THE SENTENCES IN THE ORDER
YOU HEAR THEM

MATCH THE PICTURES TO THE CORRECT SENTENCES

62

FILL IN THE GAPS USING THE PHRASAL VERBS IN THE PANEL

REWRITE THE SENTENCES, CORRECTING THE ERRORS

63

Crime, the law, and politics
CRIME AND THE LAW

escape from a prison

enter a building to steal something

injure someone by hitting them repeatedly

return something to its owner

become stricter about
existing rules

make something bad or unpleasant
stop happening

use a barrier to stop people
from entering an area

give someone information
anonymously

escape

draw a conclusion from evidence

64

See also:
get away 35 pull over 9
turn to 21, 45, 50

POLITICS

introduce a new law

ask someone publicly to do something

be aware of potential danger

make a decision about a
law using a vote

make a driver stop for doing
something illegal

ask publicly for something
to happen

work to find something
or someone

be a candidate for a
political position

start doing something different

support something or
someone by using a vote

65

MATCH UP THE PAIRS OF SENTENCES THAT MEAN THE SAME THING

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO, THEN NUMBER THE PICTURES IN THE ORDER
YOU HEAR THEM

66

MARK THE SENTENCES THAT ARE CORRECT

WRITE THE CORRECT PHRASAL VERB NEXT TO ITS DEFINITION

draw a conclusion from evidence
1 support something or someone by using a vote
2 start doing something different
3 work to find something or someone
4 injure someone by hitting them repeatedly
5 introduce a new law
6 ask publicly for something to happen

67

Money
MONEY

return (usually unwillingly) all
the money you have borrowed

reduce the amount of money
you spend

receive suddenly; inherit

give money you owe (reluctantly)

return the money you have borrowed

spend a lot of money on something

each contribute money

reduce in value

get enough money from somewhere
to pay for all the things you need

have a limited amount of money
to buy the things you need

68

See also:
add up 25, 41 come to 24 cut back 28 pay off 26
run into 26 take out 3, 21, 28 wipe off 21

allow a debt or bill to increase
to a certain amount

save money (for something
in particular)

accumulate, build up

put money in a bank

withdraw money from a bank

have just enough money to survive

reach a certain amount

pay someone what you owe them

allow a debt or bill
to increase

finish giving back the money
you have borrowed

69

READ THE STATEMENTS AND
MARK THE CORRECT MEANING

WRITE THE PHRASAL VERBS
FROM THE PANEL UNDER THE
CORRECT DEFINITIONS
have just enough money to survive

Jenny threw away $20.
Jenny returned $20 to me.
Jenny stole $20 from me.
1 return all the money you have
borrowed (usually unwillingly)

The company reduced in value.
The company rose in value.
The company shut down.

Tommy had to spend a lot of money.
Tommy had to save a lot of money.
Tommy had to borrow money.

2 reduce in value

3 allow a debt or bill to increase

4 each contribute money

I lost a lot of money.
I inherited a lot of money.
I gave away a lot of money.

Patrick took money from a bank.
Patrick put money into a bank.
Patrick robbed a bank.

We took money from Wayne.
We shared money with Wayne.
We paid Wayne what we owed him.

70

5 have a limited amount of money
to buy the things you need

6 save money (for something
in particular)

REWRITE THE SENTENCES, CORRECTING THE ERRORS

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO AND WRITE THE SENTENCES BELOW THE IMAGES

71

Time
TIME

continue for a long time (negative)

make something last too long (negative)

(UK)
become late (about the time)

pass (about time)

break (a day or period of
time) into separate parts

happen slowly to someone
without them noticing it

make time for something

pass the time in a relaxed way

WAITING

wait for a short time (informal)

72

make someone or something late

See also:
break up 3, 21, 29, 38 creep up on 51 fit in 15
get on 2, 9 go by 54 run out (of) 30 take up 31, 55

have no more (time)

move or do something more quickly

occupy, use up (someone’s time)

happen again (about a regular event)

log someone out of a computer, server,
or website because of inactivity

make something last longer than necessary

take up too much (of someone’s time)

make more time available

stay somewhere or delay something
until something happens

do nothing until something happens

73

READ THE STATEMENTS AND MARK THE CORRECT MEANING

Winter is over.
Winter has started again.
Winter is yet to begin.

He keeps lectures short.
He makes lectures last longer.
He refuses to give lectures.

Slow down, Oliver.
Stop walking, Oliver.
Move more quickly, Oliver.

I read very fast.
I read for very little time.
I like to pass the time by reading.

I have more time for my studies.
I have less time for my studies.
I have no time for my studies.

He was given more time.
He had no more time.
He had some time left.

I began to love Phil.
I do not love Phil.
I have always loved Phil.

Your session has ended due to inactivity.
Your session is still in progress.
Your session has not begun.

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO AND MARK THE PHRASAL VERBS YOU HEAR

74

FILL IN THE GAPS USING THE PHRASAL VERBS IN THE PANEL

FILL IN THE GAPS, PUTTING THE WORDS IN THE CORRECT ORDER

75

Past and future
FUTURE

MEMORY

make someone think about the past
be in the future

remember, think about the past
wait for something with excitement

make someone think about the past
happen in the period
before an event

CHANGE AND RESCHEDULING

approach, happen soon

develop, become successful

76

become, transform into

return to its original form

See also:
bring back 35 come up 36, 50, 52 go back 35, 54
push back 43 take back 10, 44, 55

suddenly come into someone’s mind
(about memories or emotions)

make someone remember a person,
place, or event from the past

think about an event in the past

make someone think about the past

come into being at a particular time in the past

move to an earlier time

move forward

move an appointment to
a later date, postpone

move backward

77

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO, THEN NUMBER THE PICTURES IN THE ORDER
YOU HEAR THEM

CROSS OUT THE INCORRECT WORDS IN EACH SENTENCE

78

MATCH THE BEGINNINGS OF THE SENTENCES TO THE CORRECT ENDINGS

REWRITE THE SENTENCES, CORRECTING THE ERRORS

79

Making plans
MAKING PLANS

do something different to what
you had originally planned

do something you have planned to do
(after some thought or discussion)

reach an agreement after much discussion

decide the details about something

reject a suggestion or idea

do something without preparation

CANCELING PLANS

not do something you had agreed to do

avoid doing something you should do (informal)

80

decide not to do something you had planned
to do because you are afraid (informal)

See also:
end up 35 get out of 31
throw out 39

make plans before an
event happens

take something into consideration
before making a plan

think about the future and plan for it

make something more definite

find the time to do something

think about what might happen
in the future

avoid doing something you had agreed to
do in a sneaky way (informal)

fail to keep a promise or agreement

avoid doing something you had agreed to do

81

MATCH UP THE PAIRS OF SENTENCES THAT MEAN THE SAME THING

FILL IN THE GAPS USING THE PHRASAL VERBS IN THE PANEL

82

LOOK AT THE PICTURES AND COMPLETE THE SENTENCES USING
PHRASAL VERBS

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO, THEN NUMBER THE SENTENCES IN THE ORDER
YOU HEAR THEM

83

The senses
HEARING

pay attention

secretly listen to someone

pay attention to someone talking
or something making a sound

listen attentively to hear
a noise you are expecting

receive information about something

listen to someone without interrupting

SMELL AND TASTE

have the smell of something

cause somewhere to smell
unpleasant (informal)

try to find information

have the flavor of something

84

See also:
look into 20

SIGHT

search for something

examine something

watch something without taking part

pay attention to notice something

raise yourself to see past an obstacle

turn your eyes away from something

look at a hole, room, or hollow object
to see what is inside

look at one side of something
to see what is on the other side

have a view of

secretly watch someone

85

READ THE STATEMENTS AND
MARK THE CORRECT MEANING

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO AND
MATCH THE IMAGES TO THE
CORRECT PHRASAL VERBS

Fiona is a spy.
Fiona secretly watched her colleagues.
Fiona thinks her colleagues are spies.

The soup has only tomato and basil in it.
The soup has a tomato and basil flavor.
The soup is missing tomato and basil.
Marcus bought a telescope.
Marcus saw a telescope.
Marcus used his telescope.
Robert wanted his glasses back.
Robert searched for his glasses.
Robert bought new glasses.
Please listen to me!
Please come outside!
Please leave me alone!

WRITE THE CORRECT PHRASAL VERB NEXT TO ITS DEFINITION, FILLING
IN THE MISSING LETTERS
watch something without taking part
1 try to find information about someone or something
2 examine something
3 have a view of
4 turn your eyes away from something

86

MATCH THE DEFINITIONS TO THE CORRECT PHRASAL VERBS
raise yourself to see past an obstacle

secretly listen to someone
cause somewhere to smell unpleasant
pay attention to notice something
receive information about something
pay attention
listen to someone without interrupting
watch something without taking part

FILL IN THE GAPS USING THE PHRASAL VERBS IN THE PANEL

87

Movement and progress
MOVEMENT AND PROGRESS

move more slowly than
the people around you

continue despite difficulties

turn your head or body so that you
are no longer facing something

leave a certain place (usually
said by someone in authority)

move through a room or space

rise from a seated position

approach someone, come
close to someone

move toward the ground
or bottom of something

move toward the top of something
(often using your arms as well as legs)

move toward the bottom of something
(often using your arms as well as legs)

88

See also:
climb down 44 fall behind 20 get down 46, 53
go through 54 turn around 33 turn away 5

PHRASAL VERBS WITH “WALK”

turn around and go in the
direction you just came from

move around a place
on foot

turn yourself so that you face
the opposite direction

enter a room, building, or
enclosed space on foot

raise someone or something

move over an object on foot

start to move more
slowly than others

leave on foot (often
without an explanation)

move to the ground
or a lower position

leave a room, building, or
enclosed space on foot

89

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO, THEN NUMBER THE SENTENCES IN THE ORDER
YOU HEAR THEM

MATCH THE BEGINNINGS OF THE SENTENCES TO THE CORRECT ENDINGS

90

CROSS OUT THE INCORRECT WORDS IN EACH SENTENCE

FILL IN THE GAPS, PUTTING THE WORDS IN THE CORRECT ORDER

91

Studying and research
STUDYING AND RESEARCH

practice, revise

solve a problem

(UK)
(informal) study a subject

(US)
start something again

deal with a problem carefully
and methodically

start doing something
with enthusiasm

give attention to

investigate, research, or find out about something

MAKING A PRESENTATION

present or explain in a clear way

92

proceed to the next point

See also:
fall behind 20 keep up with 33 look into 20
move on 45 work out 26, 33 work through 45

find information online or in a reference book

contribute toward

(UK)
fit a lot of something into a small
space or a short period of time

not keep up with

improve at the same speed as someone

(US)
study something as your main subject at university

give someone a lower grade

give a summary of your argument
in the conclusion

93

MARK THE SENTENCES THAT ARE CORRECT

FILL IN THE GAPS, PUTTING THE WORDS IN THE CORRECT ORDER

94

READ THE ARTICLE AND WRITE THE
PHRASAL VERBS ABOVE THEIR DEFINITIONS

deal with a problem
methodically

proceed to the
next point

present in a
clear way

sum up your
argument

give attention to

contribute toward

give someone
a lower grade

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO, THEN NUMBER THE PICTURES IN THE ORDER
YOU HEAR THEM

95

At school
SCHOOL

leave school or university without finishing your studies

give a piece of work to a teacher, give
something to someone in authority

give something to each
member of a group, distribute

remove something (with a cloth)

(UK)
close for the holidays

spend time or put effort
into something

gather your things and put
them in a bag or box

remove something (from a bag)

96

open a book at a specific page

See also:
break up 3, 15, 29, 38 mess around 41
take out 3, 14, 28 turn to 13, 45, 50 wipe off 14

BAD BEHAVIOR

(US)
waste time, avoid doing work

not tolerate, not allow someone
to do something

(UK)
be naughty, misbehave

behave in a silly way

continue (doing something)

misbehave, do something other
than what you should be doing

do something wrong without
being punished for it

respond rudely (usually to
a teacher or parent)

not punish someone, or give
them a very light punishment

reprimand someone
when they have done
something wrong

97

READ THE STATEMENTS AND
MARK THE CORRECT MEANING

MATCH THE PICTURES
TO THE CORRECT SENTENCES

Ramu’s thinking of a new art project.
Ramu’s spending time on a new art project.
Ramu’s interested in a new art project.

Schools open in July.
Schools organize events in July.
Schools close in July.
Marco punished Gio and Carmen.
Marco did not punish Gio and Carmen.
Marco chatted with Gio and Carmen.
Zosia congratulated the children.
Zosia reprimanded the children.
Zosia helped the children clean up.
Rosie responds rudely to her teachers.
Rosie responds politely to her teachers.
Rosie does not respond to her teachers.

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO AND MARK THE PHRASAL VERBS YOU HEAR

98

WRITE THE CORRECT PHRASAL VERB NEXT TO ITS DEFINITION

close for the holidays
1 give something to each member of a group
2 remove something (with a cloth)
3 not tolerate, not allow someone to do something
4 leave school without finishing your studies
5 look for a certain page

LOOK AT THE PICTURES AND COMPLETE THE SENTENCES USING THE
PHRASAL VERBS IN THE PANEL

99

At work
STARTING AND FINISHING

start work

finish work

continue trying to achieve
something despite difficulties

take a break from work for
a certain amount of time

telephone your workplace

finish work

MEETINGS

cancel an event

discuss

get together with

agree a time or date that
might be changed later

100

See also:
call in 4, 50 get off 9
take off 5, 6, 9, 55 talk over 36

WORKING

increase to an unmanageable amount

work hard to achieve
something difficult

work very hard for a long time

ask someone for something (again)

avoid hard work

complete a task

do work that you did not
have time to do earlier

start to work very hard

have a break from work for a certain
amount of time

101

LOOK AT THE PICTURES AND COMPLETE THE SENTENCES USING THE
PHRASAL VERBS IN THE PANEL

102

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO
AND MARK THE PHRASAL
VERBS YOU HEAR

MATCH THE PICTURES TO
THE CORRECT SENTENCES

REWRITE THE SENTENCES, CORRECTING THE ERRORS

103

Careers
CAREERS

leave an important
job or position

take responsibility for a
company or role

make use of your experience

become involved in something,
start a career

use skills that you already have
(when things go wrong)

begin doing something with
a specific aim in mind

improve your position at work

return to a job after a break

gradually bring to an end

ask to be considered for a job

104

See also:
get into 31 put off 55 set out 35, 53
wind down 31

find a job easily

start doing something
different (but related)

become exhausted by working
too much

lead, be in charge of a
department or organization

make someone dislike a
person or thing

begin doing something with
great enthusiasm

start a career in something

continue despite difficulties

take advantage of a situation to make money

105

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO AND MATCH THE IMAGES TO THE CORRECT
PHRASAL VERBS

READ THE STATEMENTS AND MARK THE CORRECT MEANING

106

Femi is anxious about his new job.
Femi is enthusiastic about his new job.
Femi doesn’t like his new job.

I went to meet the mechanic.
I went back to work.
I want to become a mechanic.

Elliot walks to work.
Elliot found the job easily.
Elliot was late to work.

Diana leads the new department.
Diana founded the new department.
Diana dislikes the new department.

Katie is an artist.
Katie makes use of her experience.
Katie wants to build experience.

Chad is not looking for jobs.
Chad is employed in the media.
Chad is looking for jobs in the media.

Naina is planning to meet her teacher.
Naina is planning to become a teacher.
Naina is planning to go to school.

Olivia is trying to become a journalist.
Olivia is trying to meet a journalist.
Olivia is a journalist.

WRITE THE CORRECT PHRASAL VERB NEXT TO ITS DEFINITION, FILLING IN
THE MISSING LETTERS
leave an important job or position
1 continue despite difficulties
2 ask to be considered for a job
3 take responsibility for a company or role
4 return to a job after a break
5 gradually bring to an end

WRITE THE PHRASAL VERBS FROM THE PANEL UNDER THE
CORRECT DEFINITIONS
improve your position at work

4 make someone dislike a person or thing

1 become involved in something,
start a career

5 take advantage of a situation
to make money

2 become exhausted by working
too much

6 use skills that you already have when
things go wrong

3 start doing something different
(but related)

7 begin doing something with a specific
aim in mind

107

Business
BUSINESS

begin a (business) relationship

increase support for something

(about a business) earn an amount of
money over a certain period of time

gain a benefit from
a situation

arrive at, reach (a decision)

open a business

go bankrupt

buy and sell goods

sell a business

cancel a debt

108

See also:
come to 14 open up 45

close permanently

fail to happen

buy someone’s share of
a business

give some of your work to people
who do not work for your company

employ

give official approval to something

open for the first time

sell something quickly at a reduced price

stop employing someone

write a contract

109

MATCH THE PICTURES TO THE CORRECT SENTENCES

CROSS OUT THE INCORRECT WORDS IN EACH SENTENCE

110

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO AND MARK THE PHRASAL VERBS YOU HEAR

FILL IN THE GAPS USING THE PHRASAL VERBS IN THE PANEL

111

Numbers and amounts
NUMBERS AND AMOUNTS

increase in number or amount

result in an average of

reduce a number to a nearby
number (usually ending in zero)

increase a number to a nearby
number (usually ending in zero)

count the amount of time before
something happens

count things one by one and
place them somewhere

stop getting worse, reach
its lowest point

become level, contain fewer
differences or irregularities

increase dramatically

112

become level, stop increasing
or decreasing

See also:
add up 14, 41 take away 30, 55

CALCULATIONS

separate into groups,
pieces, or sections

20+4=24

calculate the total of two
or more numbers

20-4=

calculate the total

16

subtract

20 x 4=80
gradually increase in
number or amount

add together things or people
belonging to a group

attach an extra thing or
amount to something

add a number to itself a
certain number of times

5

20 —4=
:

find how many times a larger
number contains a smaller number

113

MARK THE SENTENCES THAT ARE CORRECT

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO, THEN NUMBER THE PICTURES IN THE ORDER
YOU HEAR THEM

114

REWRITE THE SENTENCES, CORRECTING THE ERRORS

WRITE THE CORRECT PHRASAL VERB NEXT TO ITS DEFINITION

gradually increase in number or amount
1 count the amount of time before something happens
2 calculate the total
3 result in an average of
4 become level, stop increasing or decreasing
5 count things one by one and place them somewhere
6 stop getting worse, reach its lowest point

115

Success and failure
SUCCESS

use your knowledge, experience, or success
as a way to become more successful

manage to do something despite
having no plan or understanding of it

have a positive outcome

be successful after difficulty

benefit after investing time or money

unexpectedly succeed at something

be successful (despite difficulties)

be successful (about a plan)

only just succeed in doing something

deal with something very easily

116

See also:
come off 6, 52 give up 55 pay off 14
run into 14 work out 20, 33

FAILURE

stop trying to achieve something

be beaten by something else

begin to experience something negative

make a mess of something (informal)

CAUSES OF SUCCESS AND FAILURE

depend on

attribute events to a particular reason

help to cause something

develop into (often used in the negative)

become involved in a successful activity

117

MATCH THE DEFINITIONS TO THE CORRECT PHRASAL VERBS
be successful (about a plan)

only just succeed in doing something
unexpectedly succeed at something
be successful after difficulty
deal with something very easily
begin to experience something negative
stop trying to achieve something
make a mess of something

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO AND MARK THE PHRASAL VERBS YOU HEAR

118

MARK THE SENTENCES THAT ARE CORRECT

REWRITE THE SENTENCES, CORRECTING THE ERRORS

119

At home
PHRASAL VERBS WITH “LOCK”

put something away and lock the door

stop someone from entering by
locking the door

stop someone from leaving by locking the door

APPLIANCES AND HOUSEHOLD ITEMS

leave turned on

(lights) stop shining

(UK)
make a piece of equipment
start working

make a candle stop burning
by blowing air at it

make something start working

make something stop working

120

See also:
come on 52, 56 go off 3, 8, 30, 35 go out 3, 5, 54
put on 6, 41, 55 turn off 9 turn on 1 turn up 1, 4

MOVING

start living in new home

stop living in your old home
and move somewhere else

go and live in a different area

get used to living in a new place

increase the volume (or power) of a piece of equipment

decrease the volume (or power)
of a piece of equipment

connect an eletrical appliance to
the electricity supply

start working (automatically)

stop working (automatically)

121

LOOK AT THE PICTURES AND COMPLETE THE SENTENCES USING THE
PHRASAL VERBS IN THE PANEL

122

MATCH THE PHRASAL VERBS
TO THEIR OPPOSITES

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO, THEN
NUMBER THE PICTURES IN THE
ORDER YOU HEAR THEM

WRITE THE CORRECT PHRASAL VERB NEXT TO ITS DEFINITION

(lights) stop shining
1 make something stop working
2 stop someone from leaving by locking the door
3 leave turned on
4 decrease the volume of a piece of equipment
5 start working (automatically)

123

Chores
CLEANING

make tidy again

put things back in their
proper places

clean liquid off a surface with a mop

take something off the floor

discard, put in the trash

(UK)
clean the dishes

return an object to its
original place

hang washing on a
clothesline to dry

make tidy again

124

join in, help others to do something

See also:
cut back 14 hang out 5 pick up 9, 10, 11, 31, 38 pull up 9
put up 35 take out 3, 14, 21 throw away 31

GARDENING

remove all the unnecessary things
from a room or building

make a tree fall to the ground

clean a surface with a cloth

remove some branches from
a tree, bush, or hedge

move something outside

remove a plant from the ground
by digging around and under it

hang something on a wall

remove a plant from
ground by pulling

clean the ground with a broom

return an object to its
proper place

125

MATCH THE DEFINITIONS TO THE CORRECT PHRASAL VERBS
take something off the floor
return an object to its original place
make a tree fall to the ground
join in, help others to do something
remove a plant from the ground by pulling
move something outside
remove all the unnecessary things from a room
clean the dishes

CROSS OUT THE INCORRECT WORDS IN EACH SENTENCE

126

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO AND COMPLETE THE SENTENCES THAT DESCRIBE
EACH PICTURE

REWRITE THE SENTENCES, CORRECTING THE ERRORS

127

Cooking
COOKING

separate something into smaller pieces

become cooler

weigh or take a certain amount

combine (with other ingredients)

prepare (a meal) quickly

remove from a liquid

flow over the edge of a container
(during cooking)

make hotter

be formed of

fill a container to the top

128

See also:
break up 3, 15, 21, 38
cool down 11.1

PREPARING A RECIPE

cut into small pieces

keep something for later

remove something from a
larger piece

add a liquid

complete

exclude, not include

129

FILL IN THE GAPS USING THE PHRASAL VERBS IN THE PANEL

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO AND MARK THE PHRASAL VERBS YOU HEAR

130

MATCH THE PICTURES TO THE CORRECT SENTENCES

REWRITE THE SENTENCES, CORRECTING THE ERRORS

131

Food and drink
FOOD

present food to other people

eat all of something

eat a meal at home

make someone feel ill

(UK)
become bad to eat or drink

taste or look good together

provide for

DRINK

toast someone or something

132

drink all of something

See also:
break off 49 go off 8, 27, 35
run out (of) 15 take away 25, 55

use all of something, not have
any more of something

eat in a café or restaurant,
eat away from home

separate a smaller piece of
something from a larger piece

give each person the same
amount of something

eat or drink all of something

eat all of something very quickly

(UK)
take food out of a restaurant to eat

be better without

drink something after
eating (informal)

fill a cup or glass that is
partly empty

133

MATCH THE BEGINNINGS OF THE SENTENCES TO THE CORRECT ENDINGS

CROSS OUT THE INCORRECT WORDS IN EACH SENTENCE

134

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO AND MARK THE PHRASAL VERBS YOU HEAR

WRITE THE CORRECT PHRASAL VERB NEXT TO ITS DEFINITION, FILLING
IN THE MISSING LETTERS
eat or drink all of something
1 eat away from home

2 fill a cup or glass that is partly empty

3 toast someone or something

4 eat a meal at home

5 taste or look good together

135

Free time
HOBBIES

have a passion for, consider something
the most important thing in your life

start doing something again
after not doing it for some time

become interested in, begin
to enjoy an activity

keep practicing a skill or activity

improve at a skill or activity

start learning a new skill or activity

RELAXING

relax, do no work

become calm (after a period
of work or excitement)

spend time sitting, doing little

relax on the couch or in bed

136

See also: come along 5, 52 get into 23
get out of 17 pick up 9, 10, 11, 28, 38
take up 15, 55 throw away 28 wind down 23

(UK)
keep practicing a skill or activity
despite difficulties

invest time in something with the
aim of achieving something

learn a new skill informally

waste a talent or opportunity

begin doing a hobby or career

enjoy

lie or sit with your arms and legs
pulled up towards you

relax, stop being so formal

relax, stop feeling angry or stressed

stop work and relax (informal)

137

CROSS OUT THE INCORRECT WORDS IN EACH SENTENCE

MATCH THE PICTURES TO THE CORRECT SENTENCES

138

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO AND MATCH THE IMAGES TO THE CORRECT
PHRASAL VERBS

REWRITE THE SENTENCES, PUTTING THE WORDS IN THE CORRECT ORDER

139

Health
HEALTH

to recover quickly or without
difficulty

(UK)
(about a wound) become
completely healthy

go away or get better

take care of

spread from person to person

feel in a good enough condition

suddenly appear or reappear

recover, feel well again

(about a swelling) become bigger

(about a swelling) become smaller

140

See also:
care for 3 clear up 11, 50 get over 45, 53
go around 54 go down 12, 54 pass on 38

become ill with

become conscious again

die

give (an illness) to someone else

faint, become unconscious

survive a serious illness or operation

become stiff, difficult to move

fully recover from

vomit

gradually lose its effectiveness

141

MATCH THE DEFINITIONS TO THE CORRECT PHRASAL VERBS
to recover quickly or without difficulty

become completely healthy
vomit
suddenly appear or reappear
become conscious again
become stiff, difficult to move
spread from person to person

CROSS OUT THE INCORRECT WORDS IN EACH SENTENCE

142

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO AND COMPLETE THE SENTENCES THAT DESCRIBE
EACH PICTURE

WRITE THE CORRECT PHRASAL VERB NEXT TO ITS DEFINITION

become stiff, difficult to move
1 take care of
2 feel in a good enough condition
3 spread from person to person
4 gradually lose its effectiveness
5 survive a serious illness or operation

143

Sports and exercise
SPORTS

tell someone to leave a game because
they have broken the rules

defeat a team or player, removing
them from a competition

encourage someone by cheering

join a team or activity

be included among

reach (a stage in a competition)

EXERCISE

use up energy (by doing exercise)

extend

make very tired

make extremely tired

144

See also:
aim at 34 get through (to) 38 keep from 51 keep up (with) 20 send off 38
turn around 19 warm up 11 wear out 49 work out 20, 26

look (at a person or situation)
and decide how to act

make a bad situation better

direct something at something else

get involved in something that
others are already doing

prevent someone from doing something

move at the same speed

get rid of (energy or an emotion)

stretch and relax your body
after exercise

prepare your body for exercise

exercise

145

FILL IN THE GAPS USING THE WORDS IN THE PANEL TO CREATE
PHRASAL VERBS

MARK THE SENTENCES THAT ARE CORRECT

146

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO AND WRITE THE SENTENCES BELOW THE IMAGES

WRITE THE CORRECT PHRASAL VERB NEXT TO ITS DEFINITION

direct something at something else
1 move at the same speed
2 prepare your body for exercise
3 look (at a person or situation) and decide how to act
4 make a bad situation better
5 use up energy (by doing exercise)
6 encourage someone by cheering
7 get rid of (energy or an emotion)

147

The arts
CREATIVITY

See also:
aim at 33

MEDIA

change something into something else

be intended for or targeted at

make a model of something

take advantage of

use colored pencils or pens
to add colors to a drawing

watch or listen to a program or
station on the television or radio

MUSIC

gradually become louder

gradually become quieter

become quieter before ending

remove or block something

148

FILL IN THE GAPS USING THE PHRASAL VERBS IN THE PANEL

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO AND WRITE THE SENTENCES BELOW THE IMAGES

149

Travel

See also: arrive at 47 bring back 16 check out 10, 50 end up 17
get around 50, 53 get away 13 get back (from) 1 go back 16, 54
go off 3, 8, 27, 30 put up 28 set off 46, 53 set out 23, 53

TRAVEL

reach a destination

travel from place to place

register your arrival at a hotel
or airport

leave a hotel after paying
the bill

pass another place (while on
the way somewhere else)

visit again

return from

arrive somewhere unintentionally

go on a trip or vacation

150

go somewhere for a break or to relax

look and listen, enjoy

include (a lot of something)

move towards a certain destination

return with

start a journey

start a journey

stay somewhere on the way to
somewhere else

put together, erect

151

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO AND MARK THE PHRASAL VERBS YOU HEAR

REWRITE THE SENTENCES, PUTTING THE WORDS IN THE CORRECT ORDER

152

MATCH THE BEGINNINGS OF THE SENTENCES TO THE CORRECT ENDINGS

FILL IN THE GAPS USING THE PHRASAL VERBS IN THE PANEL

153

Talking
TALKING

(UK)
manage to persuade someone

explain how something works

talk to someone without
letting them speak

persuade someone to do
something

persuade someone not to
do something

talk loudly while someone
else is talking

talk in a patronizing way to

interrupt

suddenly begin speaking with
enthusiasm about something

talk negatively about something
or someone (informal)

154

See also:
blurt out 51 come up 16, 50, 52
talk over 22

stop talking (rude)

make your language less strong

talk louder than someone else

say something surprising

talk for a long time about something
(in an annoying or incoherent way)

talk for a long time in a
very boring way

stop talking gradually

start a conversation

be mentioned in conversation,
usually unexpectedly

say something without thinking
about it first

155

MATCH THE BEGINNINGS OF THE SENTENCES TO THE CORRECT ENDINGS

MATCH THE VERBS TO THE
CORRECT PARTICLES TO MAKE
PHRASAL VERBS

156

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO, THEN
NUMBER THE PICTURES IN THE
ORDER YOU HEAR THEM

FILL IN THE GAPS USING THE PHRASAL VERBS IN THE PANEL

REWRITE THE SENTENCES, CORRECTING THE ERRORS

157

Reading and writing
WRITING

complete a form

write something quickly or roughly

write something in full by hand

type something from written notes

make written notes quickly

READING

read short parts of a book or text

represent, be an abbreviation for

read with great attention

result in

158

See also:
cut out 9 fill in 40 make for 52

reduce in size

remove material from a text

record information by writing it

write or type something in full from notes

enter information by writing it

make written notes

look through a book or magazine
quickly or casually

read something from start
to finish

read aloud (for others to hear)

research or revise a topic

159

MATCH THE PHRASAL VERBS TO THE CORRECT DEFINITIONS
write something quickly or roughly
read with great attention
read aloud (for others to hear)

complete a form
write or type something in full from notes
reduce in size
represent, be an abbreviation for
make written notes

MARK THE SENTENCES THAT ARE CORRECT

160

LOOK AT THE PICTURES AND COMPLETE THE SENTENCES USING THE
PHRASAL VERBS IN THE PANEL

FILL IN THE GAPS USING THE WORDS IN THE PANEL TO CREATE
PHRASAL VERBS

161

Keeping in touch

See also: break up 3, 15, 21, 29 get through
(to) 33 hang up 6 pass on 32 pick up 9, 10,
11, 28, 31 put through 55 send off 33

ON THE PHONE

answer a phone call

return a call, phone someone
who tried to speak to you earlier

join a conference call

end a phone call (often suddenly)

talk more loudly

make contact with someone by phone

become difficult to hear (because
of a bad signal or connection)

phone several people

connect someone to the person they want to speak to

162

LEAVING A MESSAGE

give someone a message that
someone else has given to you

find out more information, do
something in response to something

reply to a phone call or email, contact
someone (with a response to a question)

SENDING AND REPLYING

reply by letter or email

send to a group of people

reply by text message

reply by email

contact

send something by post or email

163

CROSS OUT THE INCORRECT WORDS IN EACH SENTENCE

MATCH THE PICTURES TO THE CORRECT SENTENCES

164

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO AND MATCH THE IMAGES TO THE CORRECT
PHRASAL VERBS

FILL IN THE GAPS, PUTTING THE WORDS IN THE CORRECT ORDER

165

Thoughts and ideas

See also: come across 1, 52
think through 50
throw out 17

IDEAS

ask too many questions, give too
much information

exchange creative ideas to see how
other people respond to them

briefly mention something
in a talk or text

make a suggestion so that others
can choose to accept it or not

do what someone suggests

offer support to someone

suggest lots of spontaneous ideas

remove someone or something
as an option when making a choice

think of an idea, suggestion, or plan

offer an opinion, idea, or suggestion

166

REALIZING THINGS

be communicated

believe that a certain person
said or created something

become clear to someone

suddenly come into someone’s mind

THOUGHTS

carefully think about something

considering the advantages and
disadvantages of something

invent a new plan or idea in your mind

be the most important reason

carefully think about a plan or idea
before making a decision

create a mental image of
something or someone

167

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO, THEN NUMBER THE PICTURES IN THE ORDER
YOU HEAR THEM

MATCH UP THE PAIRS OF SENTENCES THAT MEAN THE SAME THING

168

WRITE THE PHRASAL VERBS FROM THE PANEL IN THE CORRECT GROUPS
SEPARABLE

INSEPARABLE

LOOK AT THE PICTURES AND COMPLETE THE SENTENCES USING
PHRASAL VERBS

169

Explaining things
EXPLAINING THINGS

mention something indirectly

explain something very clearly
(usually with anger or frustration)

return to a subject

give more details about something

explain the details of
something again

explain or show something by
performing or re-enacting it

successfully explain an idea or
express a feeling

help someone to notice
something

provide the latest or most important
information about something

make something easier to understand

170

See also:
fill in 37

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO AND MARK THE PHRASAL VERBS YOU HEAR

WRITE THE CORRECT PHRASAL VERB NEXT TO ITS DEFINITION, FILLING
IN THE MISSING LETTERS
give more details about something
1 successfully explain an idea or express a feeling
2 make something easier to understand
3 help someone to notice something
4 return to a subject
5 mention something indirectly
6 explain the details of something again

171

Truth and lies
TRUTH

realize something is happening

become known

admit that something was your fault

tell someone the truth

LIES

be tricked into believing something

invent a story to explain something

give someone false hopes or make
them believe something that is false

treat someone badly by deceiving
them or changing plans regularly

hide the truth from other people

make sense, be a logical explanation

172

See also:
add up 14, 25 come out 5, 12 cover up 6 fall for 3 make out 52
make up 44, 52 mess around 21 put on 6, 27, 55

(UK)
understand what someone wants,
or what kind of person they are

be aware that something is not true

discover information

admit or reveal something

discover that someone is lying

try to make bad news or a
mistake seem unimportant

try to persuade someone that a bad situation
is not important or not your fault

pretend

make a problem seem unimportant

pretend

173

MATCH THE DEFINITIONS TO THE CORRECT PHRASAL VERBS
discover that someone is lying

be aware that something is not true
try to make bad news or a mistake seem unimportant
hide the truth from other people
make sense, be a logical explanation
be tricked into believing something
invent a story to explain something
tell someone the truth

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO AND MARK THE PHRASAL VERBS YOU HEAR

174

LOOK AT THE PICTURES AND COMPLETE THE SENTENCES USING THE
PHRASAL VERBS IN THE PANEL

175

Encouragement
ENCOURAGEMENT AND PERSUASION

encourage someone, inspire someone
to do something

tell someone about something
they might find useful

encourage someone to do
something that is wrong

persuade someone to support
your idea

show your support for someone

make someone feel happier

encourage someone to do something
(often something naughty)

encourage someone
to do something

offer logical arguments to try
to change someone’s mind

successfully persuade someone
to support your idea

176

MARK THE SENTENCES THAT ARE CORRECT

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO AND COMPLETE THE SENTENCES THAT DESCRIBE
EACH PICTURE

177

Agreeing and disagreeing
AGREEING AND DISAGREEING

have the same opinion as someone

believe that someone or
something is wrong

unwillingly agree to do something

disapprove of something

rely on someone

be opposed to something

strongly criticize someone

(UK)
criticize someone for a particular thing

reveal your opposition to
something in public

support someone in
an argument

178

See also:
push back 16

AVOIDING CONFLICT

defend someone or yourself
against someone else

deal with criticism or a difficult
situation by laughing at it

resist or oppose something

do something positive to
correct a mistake

dislike someone for an unknown reason

treat something as if
it is not important

reject an idea
solve small problems or details

respond to someone who
has criticized you

not let criticism or a difficult
situation affect you badly

179

MATCH THE PICTURES TO
THE CORRECT SENTENCES

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO
AND MARK THE PHRASAL
VERBS YOU HEAR

CROSS OUT THE INCORRECT WORDS IN EACH SENTENCE

180

READ THE STATEMENTS AND MARK THE CORRECT MEANING

Paul listens to criticism.
Paul doesn’t listen to criticism.
Criticism helps Paul improve.

Laura liked Ankita’s proposals.
Laura supported Ankita’s proposals.
Laura opposed Ankita’s proposals.

My aunt disapproves.
My aunt wears shoes indoors.
My aunt doesn’t wear shoes at all.

Carla did not defend herself.
Carla defended herself.
Carla was one of the bullies.

Paulina never supports our boss.
Paulina doesn’t like our boss.
Paulina always supports our boss.

They need to solve small problems.
They need to create problems.
They need to avoid problems.

REWRITE THE SENTENCES, CORRECTING THE ERRORS

181

Opinions and arguments
OFFERING OPINIONS

imply, try to say something indirectly

criticize someone in an angry way

give your opinion publicly

criticize someone in an angry way

add your opinion to an
ongoing discussion

use facts or arguments to
support your opinion

JOINING ARGUMENTS

defend someone or something

make someone join in an argument
against their will

182

give someone support by
agreeing with them

avoid becoming involved
in an argument

See also:
back up 12 climb down 19 fall out 49
make up 41, 52 take back 10, 16, 55

SURRENDERING, COMPROMISE, AND RECONCILIATION

become friends again

have a disagreement with someone

withdraw a demand or
admit you were wrong

(UK)
admit you are wrong (after
some resistance)

withdraw a threat

sort out your differences and
become friends again

admit that what you said was wrong

resolve a problem or disagreement

agree to something (after a lot
of resistance)

make an opinion or proposal
less strong

183

MATCH THE DEFINITIONS TO THE CORRECT PHRASAL VERBS
make someone join in an argument against their will

withdraw a threat
give your opinion publicly
admit that what you said was wrong
avoid becoming involved in an argument
sort out your differences and become friends again
use facts or arguments to support your opinion
defend someone or something

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO, THEN NUMBER THE SENTENCES IN THE ORDER
YOU HEAR THEM

184

WRITE THE PHRASAL VERBS FROM THE PANEL UNDER THE
CORRECT DEFINITIONS
resolve a problem or disagreement

4 defend someone or something

1 withdraw a threat

5 have a disagreement with someone

2 avoid becoming involved
in an argument

6 criticize someone in an angry way

3 give someone support by agreeing
with them

7 withdraw a demand or admit you
were wrong

FILL IN THE GAPS USING THE WORDS IN THE PANEL TO CREATE
PHRASAL VERBS

185

Emotions
POSITIVE EMOTIONS

suddenly begin (laughing or crying)

become happier or make
someone feel happier

begin to feel happier

become happier or more lively

DEALING WITH EMOTIONS

become calmer

check that someone is all right

feel sympathy toward someone

suddenly improve your mood or behavior

become calmer

reveal your true feelings

186

See also:
brighten up 11 calm down 11 get over 32, 53 move on 20
open up 24 settle down 2 turn to 13, 21, 50 work through 20

stop taking everything so seriously

be clear, easy to see (about a
positive emotion or quality)

begin laughing or make someone laugh a lot

suddenly look happy

recover from a bad experience

stop thinking about someone or something

become physically or mentally stronger

ask someone for help

deal with your problems in a systematic way

manage, deal with a situation

187

READ THE STATEMENTS AND
MARK THE CORRECT MEANING

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO AND
MATCH THE IMAGES TO THE
CORRECT PHRASAL VERBS

They suddenly stopped laughing.
They suddenly began laughing.
They did not laugh.

Ed’s become stronger.
Ed’s become weaker.
Ed’s not tough enough.
She has helped me create problems.
She has helped me manage my problems.
She has created problems for me.
Kathy is trying to recover from it.
Kathy is breaking up with someone.
Kathy has forgotten her breakup.
Anna fell asleep.
Anna became lazy.
Anna became happier.

CROSS OUT THE INCORRECT WORDS IN EACH SENTENCE

188

FILL IN THE GAPS, PUTTING THE WORDS IN THE CORRECT ORDER

REWRITE THE SENTENCES, CORRECTING THE ERRORS

189

Negative emotions
NEGATIVE EMOTIONS

feel unable to show your emotions to others

start to cry

become very emotional, lose control

make someone start crying

irritate or upset someone

become emotional or upset

make someone feel depressed

have your eyes fill with tears, start to cry

behave in a bad way to someone
even though it is not their fault

suddenly become unable to communicate

190

See also:
break down 9, 50 fall apart 49 get down 19, 53
get to 53 set off 35, 53

become bigger or stronger

start to show (in an uncontrollable way)

(about eyes) fill with tears

(about temper, rage, or panic) suddenly
become very angry or scared

suddenly become tense or anxious

become very upset or afraid (informal)

(UK)
tease someone, make someone angry

make someone feel worried or unhappy

suddenly become very angry

191

MATCH THE BEGINNINGS OF THE SENTENCES TO THE CORRECT ENDINGS

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO AND COMPLETE THE SENTENCES THAT DESCRIBE
EACH PICTURE

192

LOOK AT THE PICTURES AND COMPLETE THE SENTENCES USING THE
PHRASAL VERBS IN THE PANEL

WRITE THE CORRECT PHRASAL VERB NEXT TO ITS DEFINITION, FILLING
IN THE MISSING LETTERS
make someone start crying
1 make someone feel depressed
2 tease someone, make someone angry
3 start to cry
4 suddenly become very angry

193

Making decisions
MAKING DECISIONS

reach a decision

choose

depend completely
on something

be more likely to choose
one option than another

wait until the next day before
making a decision

accept an unpleasant decision
or situation

depend on one point

depend on

take into consideration

194

See also:
arrive at 35 go for 54 live with 2

choose (after thinking about or discussing it)

reach, come to a decision

agree to something although
it is not what you first wanted

consider, play with an idea

consider positive and negative
things before making a decision

think about something for some
time before making a decision

act on a hope or prediction

reduce the number of choices

choose not to do something

choose carefully from a group

195

CROSS OUT THE INCORRECT WORDS IN EACH SENTENCE

MATCH THE DEFINITIONS TO THE CORRECT PHRASAL VERBS
depend completely on something
reach a decision
take into consideration
think about something before making a decision
choose carefully from a group
choose not to do something
be more likely to choose one option than another

196

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO AND MARK THE PHRASAL VERBS YOU HEAR

FILL IN THE GAPS, PUTTING THE WORDS IN THE CORRECT ORDER

197

Making mistakes
MAKING MISTAKES

make a mistake

have people forget about an
embarrassing mistake you made

forget to include someone or
something in an activity

get into a bad situation

make someone feel worse
about a mistake or failure

accidentally mistake one thing
for something else

fail to meet someone’s expectations
or fail to keep a promise

forget to take someone or
something with you

be obvious to someone

draw a line or lines through a word

198

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO, THEN NUMBER THE SENTENCES IN THE ORDER
YOU HEAR THEM

REWRITE THE SENTENCES, CORRECTING THE ERRORS

199

Accidents and damage
ACCIDENTS

remove by force

make something untidy or unattractive,
do something incorrectly

fall to pieces

hit someone or something by mistake

hit something and make it fall to the ground

hit something with your foot and
fall to the ground as a result

PHRASAL VERBS WITH “FALL”

fall to the ground from
a standing position

be in a very bad state, fall to the ground (about a building)

200

fall to the ground from
a higher point or surface

See also:
break off 30 fall apart 46
fall out 44 wear out 33

DAMAGE

destroy by tearing into pieces

break something into pieces by ripping it

break something into pieces

become blocked

use something so much that
it cannot be used anymore

disassemble something, separate
it into its parts

break into pieces (because of age or bad quality)

fall from an enclosed place

crumble and fall to the ground

201

MARK THE SENTENCES THAT ARE CORRECT

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO, THEN
NUMBER THE PICTURES IN THE
ORDER YOU HEAR THEM

202

MATCH THE VERBS TO THE
CORRECT PARTICLES TO MAKE
PHRASAL VERBS

LOOK AT THE PICTURES AND COMPLETE THE SENTENCES USING THE
PHRASAL VERBS IN THE PANEL

203

Problems and solutions
PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS

happen unexpectedly

make something easier to understand
by separating it into smaller parts

encounter difficulties

happen differently than expected

be a source of worry

manage or solve a problem

deal with difficulties
or opposition

solve a problem, resolve an argument

happen (often unexpectedly)

treat a problem as unimportant,
refuse to take it seriously

204

See also: break down 9, 46 call in 4, 22 check out 10, 35
clear up 11, 32 come up 16, 36, 52 get around 35, 53
think through 39 turn to 13, 21, 45

discuss a problem to find a solution

find a solution to a problem

avoid an obstacle that is stopping
you from achieving something

consider something methodically

avoid or solve a problem
or obstacle

find a solution to
a problem

find out if someone or
something is acceptable

ask a skilled person to deal with
a problem for you

go to someone for
help or advice

205

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO, THEN NUMBER THE PICTURES IN THE ORDER
YOU HEAR THEM

MATCH UP THE PAIRS OF SENTENCES THAT MEAN THE SAME THING

206

WRITE THE PHRASAL VERBS FROM THE PANEL IN THE CORRECT GROUPS
SEPARABLE

INSEPARABLE

WRITE THE PHRASAL VERBS FROM THE PANEL UNDER THE
CORRECT DEFINITIONS
avoid or solve a problem or obstacle

1 happen differently than expected

4 solve a problem, resolve an argument

5 treat a problem as unimportant,

refuse to take it seriously

2 consider something methodically

6 ask a skilled person to deal with
a problem for you

3 find a solution to a problem

7 find out if someone or something
is acceptable

207

Secrets and surprises
SECRETS

not tell someone something

reveal a secret

(UK)
begin to understand or realize something

SURPRISES

enter a room or building suddenly

amaze or impress someone

impress very strongly (informal)

approach someone quietly to surprise them

announce something without warning

understand or accept some
news or information

208

See also:
blurt out 36 creep up on 15 give away 55
keep from 33 slip out 5 take in 6, 55

say something suddenly, without thinking about it

say something by mistake

conceal the truth

be fully understood

pretend something is true or that
you believe in something

realize the importance of something

meet someone without expecting it

find by chance

surprise or shock someone

209

MATCH THE BEGINNINGS OF THE SENTENCES TO THE CORRECT ENDINGS

CROSS OUT THE INCORRECT WORDS IN EACH SENTENCE

210

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO AND MATCH THE IMAGES TO THE CORRECT
PHRASAL VERBS

REWRITE THE SENTENCES, PUTTING THE WORDS IN THE CORRECT ORDER

211

“Come,” “make,” and “do”
PHRASAL VERBS WITH “COME”

happen (often without planning)

appear (on screen)

appear, become available,
start to exist

leave a room, building, or
enclosed space

move across a room, space,
country, etc.

experience something negative
(such as criticism, threat, or attack)

start (about a TV program)

arrive (about news or information)

be removed

212

See also: come across 1, 39 come along 5, 31 come off 6, 26
come on 27, 56 come out (of) 6 come up 16, 36, 50 do up 52
make for 37 make out 41 make up 41, 44

PHRASAL VERBS WITH “MAKE”

constitute, form something

manage to see, hear, or understand

escape with something

go toward a place

have an opinion of something

PHRASAL VERBS WITH “DO”

improve, renovate

abolish, no longer need or use

do something to solve a problem

(US)
do something again

213

MATCH THE PHRASAL VERBS TO THE CORRECT DEFINITIONS
be removed
have an opinion of something
improve, renovate

appear (on screen)
escape with something
abolish, no longer need or use
go toward a place
do something to solve a problem

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO, THEN NUMBER THE SENTENCES IN THE ORDER
YOU HEAR THEM

214

FILL IN THE GAPS USING THE PHRASAL VERBS IN THE PANEL

LOOK AT THE PICTURES AND COMPLETE THE SENTENCES USING
PHRASAL VERBS

215

“Get” and “set”
PHRASAL VERBS WITH “GET”

stand up (from sitting)

complete a task you don’t
want to do

start to focus on a task

bring something inside

avoid an obstacle, deal with a problem

find a way over an obstacle

PHRASAL VERBS WITH “SET”

activate, cause something to start happening

cost time, money, or progress

216

begin (about something unpleasant
that may last a long time)

See also: get around 35, 50 get down 19, 46 get in 8, 9
get out 9, 56 get over 32, 45 get to 46 get together 5
get up 8 set off 35, 46 set out 23, 35 set up 3, 12

remove something (from
a bag, box, room, etc.)

communicate a message successfully

retrieve something from a higher position

organize information or belongings

arrive at

get revenge on somebody

make someone or something
special in comparison to others

order someone or something
to attack someone

start (a business)

explain information in detail

217

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO AND COMPLETE THE SENTENCES THAT DESCRIBE
EACH PICTURE

WRITE THE PHRASAL VERBS FROM THE PANEL IN THE CORRECT GROUPS
SEPARABLE

218

INSEPARABLE

MATCH THE DEFINITIONS TO THE CORRECT PHRASAL VERBS
avoid an obstacle, deal with a problem

order someone or something to attack someone
arrive at
cost time, money, or progress
get revenge on somebody
communicate a message successfully
organize information or belongings
start (a business)

REWRITE THE SENTENCES, CORRECTING THE ERRORS

219

“Go”
PHRASAL VERBS WITH “GO”

start tackling a problem or task

follow or chase someone

review

regularly attend

disappear

know someone for a long time

be the opposite of what you
wish or believe

move from a lower position
to a higher one

enter a building, room,
or enclosed space

leave a room, building,
or enclosed space

220

See also:
go ahead 56 go around 32 go away 56 go back 16, 35 go by 15
go down 12, 32 go for 47 go out 3, 5, 27 go through 19

be enough for everyone

experience something

happen

live without something

continue to do something

be called by a certain name

try to achieve something

contribute to

move from a higher position
to a lower one

decide to do something (after
consideration or official approval)

221

MATCH UP THE PAIRS OF SENTENCES THAT MEAN THE SAME THING

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO, THEN NUMBER THE PICTURES IN THE ORDER
YOU HEAR THEM

222

MARK THE SENTENCES THAT ARE CORRECT

CROSS OUT THE INCORRECT WORDS IN EACH SENTENCE

223

“Put,” “take,” and “give”
PHRASAL VERBS WITH “PUT”

place something onto a surface

place something you have been
carrying on the ground or a surface

forget about a bad experience

distract someone from focusing

make someone experience something

broadcast important information

build, assemble

tolerate something unpleasant

PHRASAL VERBS WITH “GIVE”

stop doing something

224

give something to people for free

See also: give away 51 give up 26 put off 23 put on 6, 27, 41
put through 38 take away 25, 30 take back 10, 16, 44
take in 6, 51 take off 5, 6, 9, 22 take up 15, 31

PHRASAL VERBS WITH “TAKE”

take someone or something with you

take someone to a quieter place
to tell them something in private

remove something

get something from a higher place

carry something inside

remove something from someone

start to like

take someone or something to a higher level

agree to do something after
some resistance

give something to someone for
free (rather than selling it)

225

MATCH THE PICTURES TO THE CORRECT SENTENCES

CROSS OUT THE INCORRECT WORDS IN EACH SENTENCE

226

MATCH THE BEGINNINGS OF THE SENTENCES TO THE CORRECT ENDINGS

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO AND WRITE THE SENTENCES BELOW THE IMAGES

227

Exclamations

See also:
come in 4 come on 27, 52 get out 9, 53
go ahead 54 go away 54

EXCLAMATIONS

tell someone or something to
leave you alone

tell someone or something to
follow you or to move faster

tell someone to leave a room
in an angry way

warn someone about something
they haven’t noticed yet

said when you’re confident and
ready to start doing something

let someone know it is fine
for them to start talking

said to express disbelief at
something someone has said

said when inviting someone
into a room or building
(especially your own home)

said when giving someone permission
to do something

228

LISTEN TO THE AUDIO AND MATCH THE IMAGES TO THE CORRECT
PHRASAL VERBS

WRITE THE CORRECT PHRASAL VERB NEXT TO ITS DEFINITION

said to express disbelief at something someone has said
1 tell someone or something to leave you alone
2 warn someone about something they haven’t noticed yet
3 said when giving someone permission to do something
4 let someone know it is fine for them to start talking
5 said when you’re confident and ready to start doing something
6 tell someone to leave a room in an angry way
7 tell someone or something to follow you or to move faster
8 said when inviting someone into a room or building

229

R Reference
R1 VERBS AND PARTICLES
A single verb can be followed by different particles or prepositions, which
can change the meaning of the verb. In each of these sentences, “break”
carries a sense of separation or damage, but the particles change the
meaning into something different each time.

Maria and Pablo ended their relationship.

My car stopped working.

The handle separated from the vase.

Ted became very emotional and started to cry.

A thief entered my house illegally.

Gustav escaped from prison.

230

“Break into” and “break out of ”
have opposite meanings.

R2 COMMON PARTICLES
Phrasal verb particles often bestow a similar meaning or range
of meanings no matter which verb they are used with.
PHRASAL VERBS WITH “UP”
The particle “up” often gives
a phrasal verb a meaning of
upward movement or increase.

accumulate, build up

UP
go more quickly

move toward the top of something

raise someone or something

become bigger or stronger

PHRASAL VERBS WITH “DOWN”
The particle “down” often gives a phrasal verb a meaning of
downward movement, reduction, or action coming to a stop.

close permanently

go more slowly

DOWN
reduce in size

gradually bring to an end

move from a higher position to a lower one
231

PHRASAL VERBS WITH “IN”
The particle “in” often gives a phrasal verb a meaning
of entering or becoming part of something.

arrive home

IN
introduce slowly

visit someone at their home (informal)

take into consideration

enter a room or building suddenly

PHRASAL VERBS WITH “OUT”
The particle “out” often gives a phrasal verb a meaning
of leaving, being released, or being removed.

give something to many people

remove or block something

OUT
be released

replace slowly

go somewhere with someone

232

PHRASAL VERBS WITH “ON”
The particle “on” often gives a phrasal verb a meaning
of continuation or physically being on something.

wait for a short time (informal)

leave turned on

ON
wear an item of clothing to see if it fits

continue for a long time (negative)

enter (public transportation)

PHRASAL VERBS WITH “BACK”
The particle “back” often gives a phrasal verb a meaning
of returning or doing something again.

return an item to the seller by mail

BACK
return with

reply by letter or email

return the money you have borrowed

return

233

R3 COMMON SEPARABLE PHRASAL VERBS
Some phrasal verbs can be separated by the object of the verb (see page 14). In these cases, the verb
is first, then the object, then the particle. This separation can often be optional, unless the object of a
separable phrasal verb is a pronoun, in which case it must go between the verb and the particle.
DEFINITION

PHRASAL VERB

persuade someone to support your idea
cancel an event
cut into small pieces
make tidy again
draw a line or lines through a word
give something to someone for free
stop doing something
distribute
exclude, not include
allow to enter
allow to leave
invent a story to explain something
forget to include someone or something
postpone
return an object to its original place
place inside
place something onto a surface
take someone on a date
behave in a bad way to someone
discard, put in the trash
put a piece of clothing on quickly
try a new product to see what it is like
make something start working
record information by writing it

234

SAMPLE SENTENCE

R4 COMMON INSEPARABLE PHRASAL VERBS
Some phrasal verbs cannot be separated (see page 15). Their
object always comes after them, even if it is a pronoun.

DEFINITION

PHRASAL VERB

SAMPLE SENTENCE

continue doing something
talk to friends who have not talked to recently
find something by chance
reduce the amount of money you spend
manage or solve a problem
imply, try to say something indirectly
exit (public transportation)
enter (public transportation)
concentrate on doing something
exit (a car or taxi)
recover, feel well again
review
look good with another piece of clothing
receive news from
run at the same speed
be as good as people had hoped
care for, take responsibility for
search for something
wait for something with excitement
admire someone
survive a serious illness or operation
not have any more of something
be found (usually by accident)
add your opinion to an ongoing discussion

235

R5 COMMON PHRASAL NOUNS
Some nouns are based on phrasal verbs (see page 16). They are
often either combined into one word or joined by a hyphen.
DEFINITION

PHRASAL NOUN

when something (e.g. a vehicle) stops working
the act of entering a building illegally
the end of a romantic relationship
the place in a store where you go to pay
an evaluation (especially for your health)
the act of hiding information from people
the act of strictly enforcing a law
an argument or disagreement
a vacation
a social gathering
an event where free items are distributed
permission to do something
a contribution of information or an opinion
the amount of something that is taken in
the start of a sport match (e.g. soccer)
a disappointment
when things are mistaken for each other
the beginning
a physical copy of an electronic document
a hinderance or delay
when you sleep at someone else’s house
a stop somewhere on your way elsewhere
food that you buy and take elsewhere
(especially your own home) to eat
a period of exercise

236

SAMPLE SENTENCE

R6 COMMON PHRASAL ADJECTIVES
Some adjectives are based on phrasal verbs (see page 17). They are
often either combined into one word or joined by a hyphen.
DEFINITION

PHRASAL ADJECTIVE

SAMPLE SENTENCE

supporting or alternative
old and in a bad state
(usually about a vehicle) no longer working
of the distant past
lasting a very long time (negative)
following
used to escape
arriving
lower than usual or before
remaining after the rest has been used
invented, not true
unattractive, unappealing
in progress
out of date, old-fashioned
sociable, extroverted
opinionated, vocal about your opinions
excellent
stretched out as far as possible
in a poor condition
anxious about something
exhausted
taking place in the near future
inspiring, cheerful
exhausted, extremely tired

237

Answers
People left the stadium in large numbers.
He has been flattering him for a favor.
They think they are better than her.
I found the portrait by chance.

He arrived at 6am.
They gave me a tour.
They brought their kids with them.
We’d like you to come to our home.
He visited me at my home.

238

take a lying position
do small tasks in a relaxed way
make yourself look clean and tidy
get out of bed

Heavy traffic has had a strong effect on the
city’s air quality.
Old cell phones aren’t as good as today’s
smartphones.
Due to her injury, Colleen had to accept
the fact that she couldn’t play in the match.
To get into college, you’ll need to get better
results than you got last year.

not wake up when your alarm rings
go to bed
go to bed later than usual

239

The fitting rooms are over there if you’d
like to wear the clothes to see if they fit.
The mugs I bought online are broken. I’m
going to return them to the seller by mail.
I bought my new laptop online, and went
to collect it from my local store.
Before buying a new car, it’s worth visiting
several stores to compare prices.
I went to the market to buy some bread,
but all the bread had been sold.

240

One of my old school friends is a candidate
for mayor.
The police stopped people from
entering the area where the crime had
taken place.
After robbing the store, the thieves escaped
in a stolen car.
Be aware of pickpockets when you’re on
the train!
The police are becoming stricter on illegal
parking in the city.
Activists are asking the government
publicly to protect the country’s forests.

The company reduced in value.
Tommy had to spend a lot of money.
I inherited a lot of money.
Patrick put money into a bank
We paid Wayne what we owed him.

Take traffic delays into consideration
when estimating h